건축학 교육의 전문화 · 국제화
Korea Architectural Accrediting Board
Architectural education has two basic purposes:
To produce competent, creative, critically minded and ethical professionals and designers/builders; to produce good world citizens who are intellectually mature, ecologically sensitive and socially responsible.
UNESCO/UIA Charter for Architectural Education, 2001
As the Union of International Architects (UIA) defines a clear framework for the education of architects, architects should be capable of responding in a positive way to the challenges facing society in the new century, and be able to work towards continuous self-development across diverse cultural heritages.
Architectural education must be carried out with a clear and firm understanding of the multi-faceted characteristics of architecture. At the same time, it is imperative to establish definite criteria on which diverse programs can be systematically verified and identified.
Accreditation is a quality assurance mechanism to recognize professional architectural programs. Within the context of the international trend of architectural education above, the KAAB establishes study criteria and guidelines for professional degree programs in architecture. The KAAB aspires to foster professionals in architectural design who has appropriate level of knowledge in dynamics of related industries, who can perform his/her expertise with creativity, ethical values, and leadership. The KAAB’s criteria and guidelines are equivalent to those of international standards set forth by the UNESCO-UIA Charter in Architectural Education and the Canberra Accord. This will lead to the mutual recognition of academic qualification within countries that have comparable accreditation systems. As proclaimed by the new national Architect’s Law which is in effect, only the individual with accredited professional degree by the KAAB has the right to enter the internship process which is pre-requisite for taking examination of registered architect in the Republic of Korea.
The architectural program seeking accreditation by the KAAB must be a degree program consists of academic study at, or in association with a university/tertiary-level institution sufficient to display performance of education as described in this chapter. The period of academic study must be not less than the equivalent of five years full-time studies. The conditions for accreditation is structured in 3 parts, consisted of 43 criteria in total.
2.1 KAAB Perspectives on Architectural Education
2.1.1 Architectural Education and the Institution
2.1.2 Architecture Education and the Students
2.1.3 Architecture Education and the Architect
2.1.4 Architectural Education and Society
2.2 Self Assessment System of Professional Degree Program
2.3 Degree and Curriculum
2.4 Student Information
2.5 Human Resources and Operating System
2.6 Physical and Information Resources
2.7 Financial Resources
2.8 Research Development
2.9 Student Performance Criteria (SPC)